THE MANTOOTHS OF TENNESSEE
GENESIS OF AN AMERICAN FAMILY
by Raymond Estep (1990)
Revised by Brenda Schwall (November 1997)
1 CFM, 10/19/1977, "My father told me that two Montieth brothers came to this country (from Scotland)" ... and that one "changed his name to Mantooth ... In correspondence with other Monteith-Montooth-Mantooth descendants, I was given the same story."
In a ltr of 9/05/1979, to CFM, Mrs. W.O. Royle wrote: "I do know they were Monteith in Scotland. I was just in Scotland this May and did go to Perth and Lake Monteith where I know they came from ... We do claim kin to the Royal King of Stewart, and also are kin to the Graham Clan."
2 The term is that used by Ruth Webb O'Dell in the title of her book, Over the Misty Blue Hills: The Story of Cocke County, Tennessee. It refers to the phenomenon that gives the Smoky Mountains their name.
3 CFM, 10/19/1977, "In correspondence with a Monteith descendant living in Charlotte, N.C., I am told two Monteith brothers arrived in the U.S. from Scotland in 1751 aboard the ship Rebecca. My father had told me that two Monteith brothers came to this country, and that one married a part Cherokee lady, that the other brother didn't like that, so they parted company (the two brothers), and the brother who married the Indian lady changed his name to Mantooth and moved into the northwestern part of N.C." (Note: this area is now Tennessee. BSS)
Mrs. Lillian Fritz, 8/25/1980, "I knew of the Cherokee blood but I never heard of the Scotch side until I started this search. Mrs. Joe Beach (Lillian Monteith) of Huntersville, N.C., says that two brothers came from Scotland in 1751 on the ship Rebecca, Captain was William Wood, one of them married a Cherokee woman and his brother disowned him so the one who married the Indian changed the spelling of his name to Mantooth."
If the legend is true, the brother who retained the Monteith name may have been Henry, who was entered in an 1805 tax record of Greene County, TN, as Henry Mantooth. See Byron Sistler, Index to Early Tennessee Tax Lists, p. 125. All later records show his name as Monteith. In August 1982 his gggson, Oscar Jenkins, Sr., of Greenville, TN, told CFM that Henry Monteith, Sr., was born in Scotland in 1728, came to Virginia as a young man where he married and then moved to Greene County, TN. Buford Reynolds, in his volume: Greene County Cemeteries, copied this entry from the tombstone of Henry Monteith: "5/27/1733-11/23/1838. Age 105 yrs, 5 mos, 28 day." After Henry's death, his son George applied for a pension for his mother based on his father's service in the Revolutionary War. George wrote that his father, Henry,had fought in the Pennsylvania Line, or Pennsylvania Militia, in a number of battles of the Revolution, and had died before 1839. (Ltr from George Monteith in the Pension File of Henry Monteith.)
4 CFM, 3/22/1979, "...my sister and brother believe we are 1/64th Cherokee, which would make (our ggfather) John (b. 1812) 1/8th."
BME's first cousin, Paul Mantooth, thinks that his ggfather, John Mantooth, Sr., (b. 1812) was 1/4th Cherokee.
Brenda Schwall, 5/18/1988, "I find the same story in every family,... that he (Thomas?) married an Indian girl and changed his name to Mantooth. I have heard that story in every branch I have talked with so there must be some truth in it."
Jeffery B. Price, 2/10/1990, "There is a family story told that a Mantooth ancestor back about two generations (1750's, before Lawson Mantooth) was a big Irish/Englishman (could be Scottish [?]) with red hair and a full red beard who married a Cherokee woman."
Lillian Fritz, 8/25/1980, "My grandmother (Anna Lillian Mantooth) always told me that her father (Isaac Mantooth) was half Cherokee Indian, her grandfather (James Mantooth) was full Indian. She was very proud of her Indian ancestors."
Sandra Mantooth, 4/10/1980, "My grandfather, John L. (grandson of Lawson, Sr.), told me that he was more than half-Cherokee coming from both his parents."
Margaret Ann Allen, 5/30/1988, "... (my ggggrandfather) Thomas Mantooth (was) 1/4 Indian."
David A. Mantooth, 5/5/1980, "We are certainly connected to the Cherokee nation but the biological connection is ... lost in antiquity as far as I can determine. My father [grandson of Hugh] spoke of it often when I was growing up but I do not believe he knew how many generations had passed since the Mantooth married the Cherokee. I have one sister who has the high cheek bones, characteristic of the Cherokees. I'm quite proud of that heritage, but I wish I could determine the origin."
5 See p. 20 and note 49, also the 1907 Applications to the Eastern Cherokees filed by Elizabeth Welch and Mary Griffith, granddaughters of Thomas Mantooth, Jr. Nos. 12746 and 12747.
6 BSS: Shenandoah County, Virginia, Marriage Bond, Sept. 3, 1785, Thomas Mantuth to Elizabeth Phariss, Virginia Archives, Virginia State Library, 1101 Capitol, Richmond, VA.
7 BSS: Shenandoah County, VA, Personal Property Tax, 1787, List "B", in the 1787 Census of Virginia, compiled by Yantis and Love, Vol., 1, p. 612. List "B" shows a Thomas Mantooth as the owner of two horses and two head of cattle.
8 BSS: Minutes of the Big Pigeon Baptist Church, Cocke County, Tennessee, 1787-1874, Ansearchin' News, Vol., 17, pp. 66-68.
BSS: Original copy of the Minutes cites pp. 9, 15-16, 20-21, 44, 54-55 for Thomas Mantooth; Ebenezer Leath, pp. 19-21, 24-27, 34; Samuel Phares pp. 8-14, 17, 19-20, 25-32.
BSS: Over the Misty Blue Hill's by O'Dell, p. 155, erroneously lists a John Mantooth as joining along with Thomas Mantooth on January 7, 1792, but the WPA typed copy and the Ansearchin' News index mention only that a John Mantooth joined in 1829. I have been unable to locate the whereabouts of the original minute book, but a microfilmed copy is located at McClung Library, Knoxville, TN.
9 BSS: Samuel Pharris Bible records, 1742, from Joyce Pharris, Fullerton, CA.
10 Jefferson County, TN, Court Minutes, 1792-95, Nov Session 1793, p.33
11 Minutes of Big Pigeon Baptist Church, cited in ltr from Mrs. W.O. Royle to CFM, 9/05/1979, enclosure from CFM to BME, 10/09/1979, and enclosure from BSS to RE 1/15/1993.
12 On 10/26/1824, John Mantooth and George Gray of Cocke County paid $850 to Isaac Baker of Greene County for 200 acres of land lying on the south side of the Nolichucky River in Greene County. On 10/07/1831, John Mantooth, for $425, sold to Ephriam Bird of Cocke County 100 acres of land on the south side of the Nolichucky River which he had bought from George Gray. (The land description indicates that the land sold was part of the original purchase.) Greene County Deed Book No. 13, p. 362, and No. 16, p. 180.
13 See notes 8 and 11.
14 Minutes of the Pleasant Grove Baptist Church, Cocke Cty.BR>
15 See note 5.
16 Rev. War Pension Record of Joseph Burke, No. 25493.
17 Brenda Schwall, 5/16/1988, wrote: "Elizabeth Self [Newport, TN]...was quite sure that John was married to Betsy Burke because her grandmother's sister had lived with her grandparents when a small child. I think that John must have had two wives, too, for the 1850 census has a different age and name for his spouse, Margaret....I think that Betsy could have been the daughter of Joseph Burke by a first marriage although no mention has been made in his Revolutionary War pension application. He was born in 1763 and Mary in 1788. They didn't marry until 1811."
18 BSS: Jefferson County, Tennessee, Chancery Court Minute Book I, 1836-1846, p. 10. October 3, 1836: William C. Roodman (Roadman) vs John Mantooth, administrator of the estate of Thomas Mantooth. Heirs listed: Letitia Mantooth, widow; Margaret; Elizabeth Mantooth Ford and her husband James (Wilson) Ford; minors: (Letitia was guardian), James; William; Hugh; Elvira; and Louisa.
BSS: "Indian Applications" (12746 and 12747) of two of James and Elizabeth Ford's children give the list of children of Thomas and Letitia as: Elizabeth (died in 1880); Robert (died aft. 1900 in Polk Co); Margaret; William (died in Cocke Co); Huey (died in MO
([see note 41]) and Eliza; others not known. The lists differ, and the 1830 census does have an extra male who could be the Robert not mentioned in the suit.
See also note 67.
19 Conversations and correspondence with CFM. Enclosure to ltr from Bessie Lee Ford Wilde (ggggranddaughter of Nancy Mantooth Ford, natural daughter of John Lillard and Letty Virginia Mantooth), Hartford, TN, 1977, to CFM; enclosed in ltr from DVM to BME, 11/08/1977. 1850 census record for William Hall.
20 Brenda Schwall, 5/16/1988, wrote: "I am descended from Lydia Mantooth Frazier, daughter of John and Betsy Burke Mantooth, born in 1807 and died in 1883. She was married to Martin Frazier whom we think was the brother of Benjamin Frazier who married Elizabeth Mantooth (?) and who had the elderly Elizabeth Mantooth (86 years old) living with him and his wife and daughter in the 1850 census. Lydia said that her parents were born in Virginia. John stated that he was born in Virginia as were Elizabeth Phillips Mantooth and Joseph Burke."
21 Census records, Rhea County marriages, 1880 Mortality Schedule.
22 1850 Cocke County, Tennessee, Census.
24 See 1830 census. The author first consulted the return as published by Byron Sistler in 1969 under the title: 1830 Census, East Tennessee. In this edition Mantooths are shown on pages 269 and 271.
25 See 1839 Tax List of Cocke County.
26 His age is given variously in his Union Army Service Records. His discharge papers, issued in Memphis, TN, 4/10/1865, give his age as 53.
27 He signed an election bond in Polk County on 11/04/1842. "Some Mantooth Records," a compilation by CFM, enclosed in his ltr of 3/31/1978.
28 Franklin County, Arkansas, census of 1860.
29 See 1840 Census of Cocke County.
30 These two William Mantooths may have been uncle and nephew.
31 See 1850 census returns of Cocke and Polk Counties. TN.
32 See note 17 and Cocke County Cemeteries p. 467. Information given by Mrs. C. H. Fox of Newport. Visited by BSS on 4/13/1993 Lydia's stone reads 8/28/1807-1/12/1883. Buried there is also her husband Martin and a sister Mary with no stones. It is on a rise in a field on Sweetwater Rd., Hall's Top Mountain, in the Edwina Community, and is opposite the home of Allen Mantooth, second house on the left.
BSS: Circuit Court of Cocke County, March 1873 I-178-9. Recorded 31 April 1874. Robert Mantooth, Admr. of John Mantooth vs. Thomas Mantooth and others. Sold the lands of which John Mantooth dec's subject to the widow's dower and other incumberances to John F. Stanbery for $28.25. This document lists widow Margaret (Penland); Robert Mantooth as Admr and in his own right, Thomas Mantooth, Samuel Mantooth, James Mc---y, Elizabeth Bryant, Aron Bryant, Lawson Mantooth, Margaret Mantooth, Polly Bryant, Morris Bryant, John Mantooth, Jr., Permelia Mantooth, Hugh Mantooth, Amanda Clevenger and William Clevenger. (Knowing that Elizabeth married Aaron Bryant, we presume that the Polly (Mary?) was married to Morris Bryant, Permelia to her husband Hugh, son of Thomas, Jr., and Amanda to William Clevenger. No Lydia is listed.
33 See note 26.
34 Lawson married Mahaley (Mahala) Montgomery in Polk County, TN, 10/26/1847. The date is recorded in the family Bible. The County Clerk of Polk County, A.J. Williams, in a letter of 12/30/1890, advised Mahala that the marriage license had been issued 10/25/1847. Copies of the Bible record and the letter from Williams are in the Union Army Pension File for Lawson, Sr. For more on Lawson's family, see pp.16-18 and notes thereto.
35 BSS: Jim Mantooth, in a letter of May 10, 1993, sent a copy of a letter to Mr. and Mrs. Walter C. Mantooth, (now deceased) of Etowah, TN, from HC Mantooth (retired postmaster of Newport), 17 June 1968, which stated: My father was Alexander, his father Robert, and his father John. My grandfather Robert and my father were born and raised in the Edwina section of Cocke County (originally called Sweetwater)...I know of only one brother that my grandfather had. His name was Lawson.
BSS: Circuit Court of Cocke County, March 1873 I-178-9. Recorded 31 April 1874. Robert Mantooth, Admr. of John Mantooth vs. Thomas Mantooth and others. Sold the lands of which John Mantooth dec's subject to the widows dower and other incumberances to John F. Stanbery for $28.25. This documents lists widow Margaret (Penland); Robert Mantooth as Admr and in his own right, Thomas Mantooth, Samuel Mantooth, James Mc---y, Elizabeth Bryant, Aron Bryant, Lawson Mantooth, Margaret Mantooth, Polly Bryant, Morris Bryant, John Mantooth, Jr., Permelia Mantooth, Hugh Mantooth, Amanda Clevenger and William Clevenger. (Knowing that Elizabeth married Aaron Bryant, we presume that the Polly (Mary?) was married to Morris Bryant, Permelia to her husband Hugh, son of Thomas, Jr., and Amanda to William Clevenger. No Lydia is listed.
36 Rhea County Marriages lists a Samuel Mantieth married to Lethey Faris April 1, 1819; "Early Immigrants to Hiwassee District of Meigs County," lists a Samuel Montuth in Knoxville, Nov. 14-15, 1820; "Rhea County Tax List, 1823, Captain Wilson's Company," lists a Samuel Mantoath. (Two citations supplied by Patricia Emde, 3/01/1978 and one by BBS 1/15/1993.)
An "1838 Meigs County School Record" lists a Samuel Mantooth--enclosure to ltr, Jim Mantooth, 4/13/1981. (This enclosure is the most comprehensive review of the descendants of Samuel Mantooth the author has seen. The date of Samuel's death is not known to the author. He was still living at the time the 1870 census was taken. Although his will was dated 7/27/1862, it was not probated until the April 1880 term of the Polk County Court.
The 1880 Mortality Schedule lists a Litha Mantooth, 81, deceased February 1880, disease of the heart (BBS).
Last Will and Testament of Samuel Mantooth, signed 7/27/1862, and of Hugh Mantooth (his son), signed 1/11/1904, copies enclosed in ltr from David J. Mantooth, 5/05/1980. Samuel's children, as named in his will, were: Calvin, Robert, Thomas, Hetty, D.H. (Houston), Hugh, Elizabeth and Sarah.
Much other information on Samuel's family is in ltrs of Jim Mantooth, 2/07/1980, 4/20/1980, 5/19/1980 to BME, and his ltr to CFM, 10/10/1979.
The Polk County Courthouse burned in 1893. Ltr from W.I. Davis, Polk County Court Clerk, 3/14/1980, replying to inquiry of BME, 3/12/1980.
Rev. Marvin R. Mantooth wrote Walter O. Monteith, 10/02/1978; "We have been having the Mantooth Reunion about 12 years. The Reunion is (held) in Fort Mountain State Park, east of Chatsworth, GA." (Most of those attending this reunion presumably are descendants of Samuel Mantooth who lived and died in Polk County, TN, a short distance north of the reunion site.)
See also note 9.
37 The Company Muster Roll of the 4th Regiment, East Tennessee Militia (Detached) shows a Robert Monteeth served as a Private in Capt. Joseph Hale's Company from 11/13/1814 to 5/18/1815. In an attached power of attorney Robert's name is spelled Monteith and his signature (which he marked with an "X") is spelled Montooth. See also 1830 census of Rhea County and other census returns mentioned.
Patricia Emde, 3/30/1978, "I feel that the Robert Monteath is the brother of Samuel (1830 census.)
There is a possibility that he may have been the Robert Monteith who moved to Texas. Mrs. Jimmie (Betty) Varner to Raymond Estep, 9/09/1980, "I have been in touch with someone who had a Robert Monteith m(arried) Mary Ann Robertson (Robinson). Has same family members as mine,...Their records said Robert and family came to Texas from Monroe Co., TN. and he died the year they arrived, 1838. The widow and sons received their land on their status as 'late immigrants.' Her land record only listed her as widow..." (This family settled in Nacogdoches County, which later was divided to form Angelina County, the area where Thomas Mantooth was to settle some 20 years later.)
38 Genealogical Chart of Thomas Mantooth (by Mrs. W.O. Royle), in LDS Archives, Salt Lake City, Utah (copy supplied by Mrs. Clara Mae (Mantooth) Miller). Land of the Little Angel--A History of Angelina County, Texas, by Angelina Historical Survey Commission, Bob Bauman, editor, gives brief biographies of six of Thomas's sons by two wives. (Angelina County was created out of Nacogdoches County in 1846, eleven years before Thomas moved to Texas.) In a ltr to CFM, 10/05/1979, Mrs. W.O. Royle, ggdaughter of Thomas, gave the names of his children: by Mary Sisk: Albert, Eveline, John and Calvin; by Lydia Dillon: Lafayette, Edwin J., Blackburn, Florence, Hester, and Thomas C.
39 More recently (1992), in the new History of Angelina County, Texas, pp. 614-618, appeared three articles by Mrs. Royle and one by E.J. Bowers. Mrs. Royle here gives the name of Lydia Davis instead of Lydia Dillon. In Our Ewing Family, Laura Elizabeth Dingle Roddie Ewing said that Lydia was the step-daughter of John Dillon (eldest son of Thomas and Margaret Eagan Dillon). Her father was a Mr. Davis BSS).
After having worked with all the census and other records, It is my conclusion that Thomas J. Mantooth was probably the eldest son of John (61 in 1850) and Betsy (Burke) Mantooth. John was the only male old enough to have a son born in 1807. All other Thomas Mantooths were born after 1829. Mrs. Royle believed her Thomas J. Mantooth to be the son of "Cherokee Tom", but the "Indian Applications" now prove the family of Thomas Jr. and it does not include Thomas J. Mantooth.
40 The most reliable information on John Mantooth, Sr., is found in his Union Army Pension File and that of his son, Jasper, who died in the Army General Hospital in Memphis, TN, 3/05/1865.
Census returns of Polk County, TN, for 1850, and of Franklin County, AR, for 1860 and 1870 list family members.
Among those contributing valuable recollections have been his grandson, Albert Berry Mantooth (father of BME), several of A.B.'s children, and nephews and nieces, and CFM.
In 1978 "Uncle Tommie" Mantooth (probably the last surviving grandson of John, Sr.), a resident of Peter Pender, AR, and his wife supplied valuable recollections, including the belief that John, Sr., certainly had been married twice, and, possibly, three times. Robert Mantooth, a first cousin of BME, and a resident of Paris, AR, introduced her to "Uncle Tommie," and also guided her on a tour of the Lowes Creek Cemetery, where John Mantooth, Jr., is buried, and introduced her to other relatives in the area.
Jim Mantooth in ltrs of 2/01/1980, 4/20/1980, and 5/19/1980, to BME, and 10/10/1979, to CFM he expressed his belief that John Mantooth, Sr. (c. 1812) was a son of John Mantooth (61 in 1850). In ltr, 4/31/1981 to CFM, he wrote: "I believe your Gr-Grand-father John was a nephew to my G-G-G-Grandfather Samuel and that John (61 [in 1850 census]) was his father and also the brother to Samuel (51 in 1850)."
41 The chief sources of information on Hugh Mantooth, Sr., are his Union Army Pension File, the 1850 census return for Cocke County, TN, and a ltr of 5/05/1980, from his ggrandson, David J. Mantooth, who named Hugh's children. The Soundex version of the 1880 census return for Kansas is also of great value. Census returns for Missouri and Kansas for 1860 and 1870 should help in resolving questions relative to some of his children. A phone conversation with David J. Mantooth on 3/17/1981 shed new light on Hugh's children, particularly "Bill".
BSS: See also the Eastern Cherokee Applications of Mary Griffith and Elizabeth Welch which list Hugh as a son of Thomas Jr. and Letitia as having gone to Missouri and died there. Also the suit in Jefferson County, 1836, against the heirs of Thomas Jr.
See note 35.
42 See notes 5 and 18.
43 The best information on Lawson Mantooth, Sr., is found in his Union Army Pension File. In addition, census returns for Cocke County, TN, from 1850 through 1870 trace the growth of his family. For information on his children, see pg.17-18 and notes 44-46. A copy of the family Bible record in his Pension File lists his children as follows: John, Sarah E., Louis, Lawson, Permealy, Andy, Mandy, Janet, Mahala, Sherman, and Thornton. See Note 35.
44 The principal source of information on Lewis (Louis) and Lawson, Jr., is found in the 1850 through 1870 census returns for Cocke County, TN, for 1870 for Franklin County, AR, and the 1880 Soundex version of the Arkansas census. The Bible record copy in the Union Army Pension File of Lawson Mantooth, Sr., gives the dates of birth for each of his children. Independence Co., AK, marriage 31 May 1874, from Maryellen Leachman.
Other information is found in the Delayed birth certificate for Elizabeth Mantooth; death certificate for John L. Mantooth; Delayed OK death certificate for Emma (Anna?) Watson.
Valuable information was supplied by Mrs. Maudine Pound in ltrs of 4/05/1980, 4/22/1980, and 3/26/1980; and by Miss Sandra Mantooth, in ltr of 4/10/1980. T.O. Mantooth, 12/12/1979.
45 Talmage Mantooth, in an interview on 10/19/1979, reported that a son of Lewis Mantooth (probably born in the 1880's) settled in the vicinity of Hugo, OK, where he died in the 1950's. The latter's son, a grandson of Lewis, according to Talmage, was living in 1979 in the south edge of Hugo on U.S. Highway #271.
46 The chief sources of information on this John Mantooth are the census returns for Polk County, TN, for 1870, and Franklin County, AR, for 1880. His date of birth, 8/11/1848, is given in the copy from his parents' Bible record in Lawson, Sr.'s Union Army Pension File. See also Cocke County, TN, census returns for 1850 and 1860 for family of Lawson Mantooth, Sr.
47 Information on Sarah Elizabeth is found in the census returns for Cocke County, TN, 1850-70, in her father's family; and in the family Bible record (see note 43) which gives her date of birth as 1/05/1850. Information on her marriage and life in Arkansas was supplied by her ggrandson, Jeffery Burke Price, in ltrs to the author of 2/10/1990 and 4/24/1990. In ltr of 2/10/1990 he wrote; "I am told that a lot of my MANTOOTH ancestors (relatives) who came from TN are buried in Lowe's Creek Cemetery, AR, as well." (For more on this cemetery see note 40.)
48 The principal source of information on Esau Mantooth-Monteith is his Union Army Pension File. Additional information is found in Cocke County, TN, census returns beginning in 1850. His Alabama years as Esau Monteith were revealed to BME in personal visits and phone conversations with his grandson, Walter Owen Monteith, a longtime Bell telephone engineer of Birmingham, who died 6/01/1980. A genealogical chart prepared by Walter shows his father, James Edward Monteith, grandfather Esau, and ggrandparents, James and Rosaman Hartsell. Three months after Esau joined Company K he was joined by Lawson Mantooth. They were both mustered out on the same date (see p. 16 and note 43.)
49 Aside from census returns for Cocke County, TN, for 1860 and 1870, which list him in his father's family, and the Cocke County census for 1900, which lists him with wife and children, the only other source of information discovered by the author was his "Application" N. 42170, "Eastern Cherokees," filed with the U.S. Court of Claims, Eastern Cherokees, which was received by the Court on 8/31/1907. His children and their dates of birth, as given in his application, were: Lille (1887), Zora (1889), Susa (1892), Ethel (1894), William H. (1897), Charley M. (1899), Roy (1903), Fanne (1905). The 1900 census of Cocke County, TN, lists; Lillie B. (Nov. 1886), Zora (Apr. 1890), Susie (Dec. 1891), Ethel (May 1895), Hobart (Feb. 1897), and Charley M. (Dec. 1899). (Unfortunately, it is difficult to unscramble the information in this application. Some one who is knowledgeable on the family members of George and his wife might be able to glean valuable information from the application.)
50 Talmage O. Mantooth, in several conversations with BME, told of Mantooths who lived in the Celina--Pilot Point area. Another who told of Mantooths living in or passing through the area was Mrs. Donna Minke in ltr of 7/29/1986.
Information on Elizabeth (Mantooth) Bryant, including a genealogical chart, in ltrs of 4/10/1988 and 5/30/1988, of Mrs. Margaret Ann Allen, gggdaughter of Elizabeth, who reported that Elizabeth and Aaron were buried in the Scott Cemetery, Collin County, TX.
51 See note 35.
52 Calvin appears in the Cocke County, TN, census returns of 1860 through 1880 in the family of his parents, Robert and Harriet Mantooth. Other information is based on the recollections of his son, D.C. (Delbert Caywood), see p. 28 and note 66.
53 The 1860 and 1870 census returns of Cocke County, TN, show Clayborn with his mother in the family of William and Nancy Mantooth. The 1880 census return of Cocke County lists his own family with four children and his mother. Most other information was supplied by his grandson, Talmage O. Mantooth, in several interviews and correspondence, supplemented by Mrs. Donna Minke in ltr of 7/29/1986, which sheds light on route taken and stopovers of Mantooths en route from Tennessee to Texas. See also p.27 and note 63.
54 Cocke County census returns from 1850 through 1870 show Jackson in the family of Robert and Evaline Mantooth. The 1880 census lists him as A.J. with no wife, but with three children, five and under, and his sister Margaret. His first wife, Mary Anne Rains, whom he married 9/24/1874, died shortly after the birth of son Charley, 11/25/1879. A. J. married Hester Williams, 2/12/1882, and married Emma Gates, 5/30/1888.
The 1900 census of Cocke County lists Andrew J. and family, and shows his occupation as blacksmith. His son Robert L. (Luther), 22 years of age, and living at home, was shown as a school teacher.
Aside from the census information, other details were supplied by Talmage O. Mantooth in ltr of 5/08/1985. Enclosed was a listing of wives and children of A.J., with appropriate dates, copied from the Family Bible of A.J.'s son, Horace Roadman Mantooth, who then lived at Rush Springs, OK.
55 Aaron appears in the 1860 and 1870 census returns of Cocke County, TN, in the family of Robert and Harriet Mantooth. The only other information the author has seen is in a ltr of 1/27/1976 to Laurence Mantooth (brother of BME) and in two ltrs to BME of 7/06/1978 and 8/23/1978 from Mrs. Sue Mantooth of Eldorado, KS, whose husband, William Joe, was two years old when his father, Boyce, died in 1932.
56 John Mantooth, Jr., first appears in the records in the 1850 census of Polk County, TN, as the five-year-old son of John, Sr. He is listed again in the 1860 census of Franklin County, AR, in his parents' family, and in that county in 1870 as head of his own family. His marriage license application is recorded in that county. A number of documents on file in the Fannin County;, TX, courthouse cover his purchase and sale of farm land northeast of Leonard, and numerous transactions pertaining to the purchase and sale of town lots in Leonard. Many of the details of John's life in Leonard and of his death near Peter Pender, Franklin County, AR, and his burial there in Lowes Creek Cemetery were recalled by his son, Albert Berry Mantooth (father of BME). His children were: Amanda Elizabeth, Jasper Newton, Linnie, John Columbus (Lum), Mary, Albert Berry, Maggie, and Calvin (the last two were twins).
57 BSS: Interview with Zula Hilliard, Cleveland, TN, in June 1985, and Bill Sadler of Bonham, TX, who was visiting her, who are descended through Elizabeth Mantooth Ford. Also visit of my cousin, Maxine Douglas Johnston to Fannin County, TX, 1984?.
58 William Moore Mantooth is shown in the 1850 census of Cocke County, TN, as the seven-month-old son of James and Rosaman Mantooth, and is listed again in the 1860 census return. In 1870 he is listed with his widowed mother shown as Rosa. In 1880 he is shown in the census return with his wife and three children. Most of the remaining information pertaining to his family was supplied by his granddaughter, Ora Adah Mantooth, in ltrs of 1/27/1980 and 3/13/1980, and in subsequent ltrs and interviews. His children were; Florence, Stephen, George W., Walter M., Oscar, Virginia Elizabeth, John Henry, Nora, and James.
59 The first official records of Joseph Mantooth are found in the 1870 census of Cocke County, TN, as the 7-year-old son of Robert and Harriet Mantooth, and in the 1880 census as their 18-year-old son. The best tracing of Joseph is that by Mrs. Aileen Mantooth (wife of William L. Mantooth) in ltr of 7/09/1988. She shows Joseph's father, Robert, as the son of John Mantooth born in Virginia and with wife Margaret. (This has to be from the 1850 census of Cocke County, RE.) (From my information, Margaret is a very recent second wife. John was married to Betsy Burke and the census records show 5 males in 1830, 4 in 1840, BSS.) Aileen shows that Joseph married Lucinda Josephine Whistler.
60 H.P. (Paul) Mantooth, 1st cousin of BME, reports that his father, John Columbus (Lum), a son of John, Jr., told him of John Jr.'s experiences as a horse trader during the Civil War. See also note 56.
61 Nancy Elizabeth Pendergrass, the daughter of Confederate veteran, John Jason Pendergrass, was born in Marshall County, AL, 7/06/1851. The Franklin County, AR, Marriage Book, p. 148, shows that she married John Mantooth, Jr., on 2/18/1869. The story of the family's movement to Fannin County, TX, and of its return to Arkansas, where John, Jr., died, and of his wife's trek into Indian Territory (now Oklahoma) with her children was remembered by her son, Albert Berry Mantooth, father of BME.
Her death certificate shows that she died in Blanchard, OK, 12/09/1932.
The story of her departure from Franklin County, AR, was told to BME on 6/13/1978 by J. O. (Jephtha Olaf) Pendergrass, probably the last surviving grandson of John Jason Pendergrass, and by Mrs. Norene (Rogers) Pile, daughter of Rowena Corrina Pendergrass, youngest sister of Nancy Elizabeth. J.O. told of accompanying his father and grandfather before 1907 from Peter Pender, AR, on a visit to Nancy Elizabeth in Lexington, Oklahoma Territory.
62 The Purcell (Oklahoma) Register, 3/22/1984, p. 5, reprinted the item on the Grand Jury. W.T.'s wife, Mary F., born 5/22/1860, died 3/02/1899; his 1-yr-old son, Bussie E., died 10/27/1900; his 2 1/2 yr-old son, W.T., Jr., died 11/28/1905. Talmage O. Mantooth recalls his family speaking of a Thomas Mantooth who owned a store at "Old" McGee.
In the autumn of 1913 Elizabeth (Pendergrass) Mantooth and sons "Lum" and A.B., and their families lived for some two months near Bowie, Arizona, the home of an "Uncle Tom" Mantooth. BME, and brothers Laurence and Albert and cousin Alvin, each remembered "Uncle Tom" and playing with his children. Could he have been the W.T. (Thomas) Mantooth of the Johnsonville-Byars-Rosedale area of I.T.? Since Elizabeth Mantooth had lived many years in Franklin County;, Arkansas, and,later, had lived in the Byars-Rosedale area of present McClain County, had she known "Uncle Tom" in one of those areas? And, was his presence in Bowie the reason she and her sons chose Bowie as their stopping place in Arizona?
It seems certain that "Uncle Tom" was not a Mantooth. Laurence, who was 7 years old when he was at Bowie, and his 1st cousin, Paul Mantooth, in interviews of 10/17 and 10/28/1979, both recalled stories told by their parents that he ("Uncle Tom") had been involved in a murder or near-murder, and had taken his wife's maiden name and moved "west." CFM (who has never met his 2nd cousins, Laurence and Paul), had told BME a year earlier (7/10/1978) of a man in Franklin County, AR, who had killed a man (or thought he had killed him), and who had taken the name of CFM's grandfather "Thomas Mantooth" and fled the country. Could he have been the "Uncle Tom" of Bowie and the Thomas (W.T.) Mantooth, the storekeeper and member of the grand jury?
63 See note 53. OK death certificate for C.M. Mantooth. Talmage O. Mantooth (who supplied much of the information on his grandfather's family) still resided in 1993 in the same area of Cleveland County, OK, where Clayborn moved his family in the 1890's. Clayborn's oldest daughter, Betty, married Rufus Fox and remained in Cocke County, TN. His second daughter, Moody, married Russ Runyan in Newport, AR, apparently during the family's journey to Texas. The other children apparently married in what is present Oklahoma. Conversations and correspondence with Talmage O. Mantooth, and ltr of Mrs. Donna line, 7/29/1986. Clayborn's children were: Betty, Moody, Louella, Critty (Crittenden) Ada, Arizona, John, Dan, Jessie, and Belle. (T.0. Mantooth, 10/17 and 10/19/1979.)
64 See note 58. Most of the information on her father was supplied by Ora Adah Mantooth. The marriage of William Moore Mantooth and Sallie Frances Slater, 2/05/1905, is recorded in Marriage Record Book 6, p. 198, Cleveland County, OK.
65 See note 52. Tombstone of Delbert C. Mantooth, Lexington, OK, Cemetery. Interviews with Neil Sherman, Purcell, OK, 10/18 and 10/25/1979.
66 Cocke County, TN, census returns for 1860 and 1870 show her in the family of Robert and Evaline Mantooth. Oklahoma death certificate for Icyphene Rains. This shows her mother's maiden name as Sallie McCoy, but the census returns clearly show her mother's given name as Evaline. In the Virginia death certificate for her son, James Rains, issued in Wise County, VA, 8/31/1914, Icyphene's name is given as Feane (probably a short form of Icyphene).
Much information on Icyphene's family is given in ltr of 3/07/1985, from Mrs. Dorothy McPheron, wife of a great-grandson of Icyphene, who supplied photos of the tombstones of Icyphene and Allen Rains. (The author has visited the cemetery, where he also saw in the same burial plot the tombstone of Icyphene's unmarried sister, Margaret Mantooth.)
Bible records from Mary Dousett.
67 Most of the information on William J. Mantooth is contained in Application No. 14753, Eastern Cherokees, filed by his wife, the former Mary Elizabeth Garbarino.
Some of the speculation as to William J.'s ancestry is in ltr of David J. Mantooth, 5/05/1980, and his phone conversation of 3/17/1981. See also Note 41.